William H. Bailey (born 17 November 1930 in Council Bluffs, Iowa) is an American artist and university professor. He is the Kingman Brewster Professor Emeritus of Art at Yale University. He is best known as a contemporary realist painter. He studied from 1948 to 1951 at the School of Fine Arts at the University of Kansas.
His student days were interrupted from 1951 to 1953. Bailey was a sergeant in the United States Army from 1951 to 1953. He served in Japan and Korea.
After his army days were over, he earned a B.F.A. (1955) and an M.F.A. (1957) at Yale. He studied with Josef Albers.
Bailey's career as a working artist developed over time. He is best known as a figurative painter whose work is in major collections, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, and the National Museum of American Art in Washington, D.C.